Underwater photography is an incredible way to capture the beauty of Florida’s marine life and landscapes. Whether you are a seasoned pro or a beginner, taking underwater photos requires some special considerations and techniques. In this article, we will provide some tips and tricks for taking stunning underwater photos in Florida.

Tip #1: Invest in good gear

Underwater photography requires specialized equipment, including a waterproof camera or housing, strobes or lights, and lenses. It is important to invest in high-quality gear that can withstand the saltwater and harsh conditions of the ocean. Look for cameras and lenses with good low-light capabilities, fast autofocus, and manual controls. Consider renting or borrowing gear before making a purchase to try out different options and find what works best for you.

Tip #2: Learn how to use your equipment

Once you have your gear, it is important to learn how to use it properly. Familiarize yourself with your camera settings, and practice adjusting them in different lighting and water conditions. Learn how to use your strobes or lights to balance the ambient and artificial light, and experiment with different positions and angles. Take some time to practice using your gear in a pool or controlled environment before taking it to the ocean.

Tip #3: Choose the right time and place

The time and location you choose for your underwater photography can greatly impact the quality and success of your shots. Consider the weather, tide, and water visibility when planning your shoot. Early morning or late afternoon can offer beautiful lighting conditions, while mid-day sun can create harsh shadows and glare. Look for areas with abundant marine life and interesting landscapes, such as coral reefs, shipwrecks, or seagrass beds.

Underwater view of two divers on seabed amongst fish

Tip #4: Be mindful of your surroundings

When taking underwater photos, it is important to be mindful of your surroundings and the impact you may have on the environment. Avoid touching or disturbing marine life, as this can harm them or damage their habitat. Use a reef hook or gloves if necessary to stabilize yourself without touching the bottom or corals. Respect any signs or regulations regarding protected areas or sensitive species.

Tip #5: Adjust your camera settings

Adjusting your camera settings can greatly impact the quality of your underwater photos. Consider using a fast shutter speed to capture fast-moving subjects or minimize motion blur. Use a small aperture (high f-stop number) for greater depth of field and sharper focus. Experiment with ISO and white balance settings to adjust for different lighting conditions and water colors. Shoot in RAW format for greater editing flexibility in post-processing.

Tip #6: Get close to your subject

Underwater photography often requires getting up close and personal with your subject to capture the details and beauty of marine life. Get as close as possible without disturbing the animal or damaging the environment. Use a wide-angle lens or dome port to capture a wider field of view and create a sense of depth and scale.

Tip #7: Experiment with angles and perspectives

Playing with different angles and perspectives can add interest and creativity to your underwater photos. Shoot at an eye level of your subject or use above or below shots as an alternative. Use the rule of thirds to create a balanced composition and draw the viewer’s eye to the focal point. Shoot vertical or horizontal to capture different perspectives and orientations.

Tip #8: Use natural light to your advantage

Natural light can create stunning effects in underwater photography, especially during the golden hour when the sun is low on the horizon. Use the surface as a natural reflector to bounce light onto your subject, and position yourself to capture the light beams filtering through the water. Use backlighting to create silhouettes and highlight the shapes and textures of your subject.

Tip #9: Practice, practice, practice

As with any form of photography, practice is key to improving your skills and producing better results. Take your gear out on multiple dives or trips, and experiment with different techniques and settings. Review your photos regularly to analyze your strengths and areas for improvement. Join a local photography club or community to share tips and learn from other underwater photographers.


Underwater photography in Florida can be a challenging but rewarding experience, allowing you to capture the beauty and diversity of the state’s marine life and landscapes. By investing in good gear, learning how to use it properly, choosing the right time and place, being mindful of your surroundings, adjusting your camera settings, getting close to your subject, experimenting with angles and perspectives, using natural light to your advantage, and practicing regularly, you can take stunning underwater photos that showcase the wonders of Florida’s oceans.

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